Name of synagogue LEIPZIGER SYNAGOGUE
Street address 16 BRADULUI ST.
coordinates (longitude/latitude): 26.94741249/46.92394605
City and postcode: ROMAN
Website of Federation of Jewish Communities from Romania www.jewishfed.ro
Contact at Jewish community (president): WEXLER IANCU
Street address of Jewish community: 131 SUCEDAVA ST.
Telephone number 0233.726.621
Street address of Jewish cemetery – 184 Bogdan Dragos St.
Condition of the cemetery? – in need of some repairs
Synagogue facts—you will not find all the answers, but it’s important to ask
When was it built? 1835 (1850 in some sources)
Year(s) when it was remodeled or expanded – N/A
Name of architect(s) – unknown to us
Other synagogues that this architect built – unknown to us
Is it known who designed the brass candelabras etc? – unknown to us
Is it known who was the artist who painted on the walls? – N/A
How would you describe the condition? – Very good (recently repaired)
How many Jews lived in this city before the Holocaust? In 1930, there were 5,963 Jews from a total population of 21,093.
What was its peak year of Jewish population? 7900 (mostly refugees) in 1947.
How many synagogues were in the city then? In 1938, 16 synagogues.
How many now? 2.
Are the others used as synagogues? – N/A
If not, what are they used for? – N/A
If possible, give their addresses. Sinagoga croitorilor (Taylors’ synagogue) Poale Țedek (1898), 4 Vlad Țepeș St.
What was the fate of the Jews of this city during the Holocaust?
On 1 July 1941, 160 notables and leaders of the community, including Rabbi Isacsohn, were imprisoned for three months in the main synagogue. On 2 July, after the Iași pogrom, the “death train” from Iași to Călăraşi stopped in Roman. Viorica Agarici, president of the local Red Cross, defied the interdictions; she had the cars opened and brought water and food to the survivors. The dead from the train were buried in the local Jewish cemetery. Agarici was subsequently awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem. Almost 1,000 Jews from Roman were sent to forced labor in remote towns. Some 250 went to Floreşti, Sihna, Predeal, Măcin, and Baldovineşti. In April 1944, as the Soviet army approached, 1,000 Jewish refugees from Pașcani and 1,400 from Târgu Frumos arrived in Roman. Jewish deportees from Transnistria who could not return to their towns also came here.
How many were murdered? -
How many were living in the city from 1945 – 1948? In 1947, there were 7,900 Jews living in Roman.
How many emigrated? In 1950, there were 4,500 and in 1969 just 750.
How many live there today? 62, in 2005.
What are the social services for Jews in the city, if any? – N/A
Congresul Mondial Evreesc. Secțiunea din România, Populația Evreească in cifre. Memento statistic (Bucharest, 1945): 47
A. Eliezer, “Pincasul comunității din Roman”, in Revista Cultului Mozaic, no. 98 (noiembrie 1963): 3
FCER, Memoria cimitirelor evreiești (Bucharest, 2007): 44
Pincu Pascal, Obştea evreiască din Roman (Bucharest, 2001)
Pinkas ha-kehilot. Romanyah, vol. 1 (Jerusalem, 1969): 246–253
Arh. Aristide Streja, Arh. Lucian Schwartz, Sinagogi din România (Bucharest, 1996): 87, 88
The Romanian Synagogue Documentation Project
Underwritten by the David Berg Foundation
Grant recipient: Centropa, Vienna, Edward Serotta, Director,
Organizing Partner: The Center for Hebrew Studies and the Goldstein Goren
Center for Israel Studies, University of Bucharest, Felicia Waldman, Coordinator
Researcher: Anca Tudorancea, Center for the Study of the History of Romanian Jews
Photography: Daniel Gruenfeld, Oliver Beck Assistant
Web coordinator: Dragos Parasca