Name of synagogue: SINAGOGA CEREALIȘTILOR (CEREAL MERCHANTS’ SYNAGOGUE)
Street address: 35 Ștefan cel Mare St
City and postcode: BACĂU
Website of Jewish community or synagogue: N/A
Website of FCER (Federation of Jewish Communities in Romania): www.jewishfed.ro
Contact at Jewish community: (president) BUTNARU IZU
Street address of Jewish community: 11 GH. APOSTU St.
Telephone number: +40234.534.714 and email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Street address of Jewish cemeteries in Bacău:
(1)16 Al. TOLSTOI St.
(2) 19 AMAN St. , Coordinates: 46°33'34"N 26°55'0"E
Condition of the cemetery? - Good
When was it built? 1887, historical monument
Year(s) when it was remodeled or expanded -
Name of architect(s) – unknown to us
Other synagogues that this architect built – N/A
Is it known who designed the brass candelabras etc? – N/A
Is it known who was the artist who painted on the walls? – N/A
How would you describe the condition? Good
How many Jews lived in this city before the Holocaust? In 1930, there were 9,593 Jews from a total population of 31,138.
What was its peak year of Jewish population? 15,957 (in 1899, in the entire Bacau district)
How many synagogues were in the city then? 22 (in 1920)
How many now? 2
Are the others used as synagogues? No.
If not, what are they used for? -
If possible, give their addresses. Avram Arie Rosen Synagogue (1850), 31 Erou Rusu St,
Bacău, coordinates (longitude/latitude): 26.91361532/46.56417013
What was the fate of the Jews of this city during the Holocaust? In 1940, all Jews (approximately 1,000 families) were expelled from the adjacent villages and most of them were crowded in Bacău, where the community offered its support. The number of Jews increased to 10,333 in 1941 and to 13,038 in 1942. Jews were victims of discrimination and spoliation, and men were sent to forced labor. After the war, Jews from northern Bucovina, which had been occupied by the USSR, settled in Bacău.
How many were murdered?
How many were living in the city from 1945 – 1948? In 1947 there were 18,000 Jews.
How many emigrated? With emigration to Israel and elsewhere, just 600 families remained in 1969.
How many live there today? 173 people in 2005.
What are the social services for Jews in the city, if any? – N/A
Congresul Mondial Evreesc. Secțiunea din România, Populația Evreească in cifre. Memento statistic (Bucharest, 1945): 26, 44
FCER, Memoria cimitirelor evreiești (Bucharest, 2007): 39
Ițic Kara, Obştea evreiască din Bacău (Bucharest, 1995)
I. Kara, “Bacău: oameni care au fost”, in Revista Cultului Mozaic, no. 189 (1 august 1968): 6
Arh. Aristide Streja, Arh. Lucian Schwartz, Sinagogi din Romania (Bucharest, 1996): 194
The Romanian Synagogue Documentation Project
Underwritten by the David Berg Foundation
Grant recipient: Centropa, Vienna, Edward Serotta, Director,
Organizing Partner: The Center for Hebrew Studies and the Goldstein Goren
Center for Israel Studies, University of Bucharest, Felicia Waldman, Coordinator
Researcher: Anca Tudorancea, Center for the Study of the History of Romanian Jews
Photography: Daniel Gruenfeld, Oliver Beck Assistant
Web coordinator: Dragos Parasca